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O-kyaku-sama

O-kyaku-sama is a polite form of the word kyaku 'guest, customer'. It is used in contexts, especially commercial contexts, where ritualised formal politeness is expected. Although guests may be referred to as kyaku when they are not within hearing, careful speakers, in particular female speakers, will ensure that guests or customers are referred to deferentially as o-kyaku-sama in all circumstances.

There are several choices in writing o-kyaku-sama in Japanese. The most common usage seems to be with both the honorific prefex o- the honorific suffix -sama in hiragana:


Mizuho wa motto motto o-kyaku-sama no tame ni.
(remainder omitted)
Mizuho is doing more and more for customers.

This formula is the type preferred by corporate PR policies. Putting the o- and the -sama in hiragana conveys a clean, uncluttered image and removes the feeling of stiffness or pendantry that clings to overuse of Chinese characters.

However, variation can be found, as in the following signs:


Tsūchō no o-kuri-koshi no o-kyaku-sama wa kakari-in ni o-mōshi-tuke kudasai.
Customers transferring to a new passbook are asked to approach the staff in charge.

Kosho-ichi go-raijō no o-kyaku-sama wa ikkai shōmen genkan e o-koshi-kudasai.
Customers for the used book market, please proceed to the 1st floor main entrance.

The top sign is also from Mizuho Bank, but is an ad hoc sign made by staff. Here the -sama is put in Chinese characters (), conveying a slightly stiffer feeling. The second sign, although professionally done, is also not a part of a corporate image PR kit and writes -sama as . It is a general feature of hand-made signs that they have relatively high concentrations of Chinese characters, possibly because people feel it is more 'literate' to use as many kanji as possible.

I found no cases were found of o-kyaku-sama, which is in line with the general trend to write the honorific prefix o- in hiragana, not kanji. However, examples were found with a Google search in August 2003:

Form
No. of occurrences
3,090,000
679,000
123,000
3,020
207

There were also some instances using katakana.

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