The Dark Forces: A Guide to Self-Protection

Simplified Chinese (Mandarin: China)
Hēi'àn lìliàng: zìwèi zhǐnán
黑暗 hēi'àn = 'dark'.
力量 lìliàng = 'force'.
自卫 zìwèi = 'self-protection'.
指南 zhǐnán = 'guide'.
The Dark Forces: A Self-Protection Guide
Traditional Chinese (Mandarin: Taiwan)
Hēi'àn lìliàng: zìwèi zhǐnán
黑暗 hēi'àn = 'dark'.
力量 lìliàng = 'force'.
自衛 zìwèi = 'self-protection'.
指南 zhǐnán = 'guide'.
The Dark Forces: A Self-Protection Guide
闇の力 ー 護身術入門
Yami no chikara - goshin-jutsu nyūmon
yami = 'darkness/shadow'.
no = connecting particle
chikara = 'strength'.
護身 goshin = 'protect-body' = 'self-protection'.
-jutsu = 'art, technique'.
入門 nyūmon = 'introduction'.
The Dark Forces - An Introduction to the Arts of Self-Protection
Vietnamese (Chinese characters show etymology)
Những lực lượng hắc ám: Hướng dẫn tự vệ

Thế Lực Hắc Ám - Hướng Dẫn Tự Vệ
những = plural marker
lực lượng (力量) = 'force'.
hắc ám (黑暗) = 'dark'.
hướng dẫn (嚮引) = 'guide'.
tự vệ (自衛) = 'self-protection'.

thế lực (勢力) = 'influence, power'.
hắc ám (黑暗) = 'dark'.
The Dark Forces: A Self-Protection Guide
Mongolian (previous)
Хар хүчнээс хамгаалах зааварчилгаа
Khar khuchnees khamgaalakh zaavarchilgaa
хар khar = 'black'.
хүч khüch = 'force, power' (ablative хүчнээс khüchnees 'from force').
хамгаалах khamgaalakh = 'protect'.
зааварчилгаа zaavarchilgaa = 'instructions'.
Instructions for Protecting against Dark Forces
Mongolian (new)
Харын хүчээс биеэ хамгаалах гарын авлага
Khariin khuchees biee khamgaalakh gariin avlag
хар khar = 'black' (genitive харын khariin).
хүч khüch = 'force, power' (ablative хүчээс khüchees 'from force').
бие bii = 'body' (reflexive биеэ biee 'one's own body).
хамгаалах khamgaalakh = 'protect'.
гарын авлага gariin avlag = 'hand book'. (гарын gariin 'of hand' + авлага avlag 'manual')
Handbook to Protect Oneself against Dark Forces

How is 'Dark Forces' translated?

There are four books about the 'dark arts' but only one referring to the 'dark forces'. In this title, 'dark' is translated as:

'Forces' is translated with words meaning 'power', 'strength', or 'force':

How is 'Self-protection' translated?

'Self-protection' in English uses the productive 'self-' prefix ('self-control', 'self-service', 'self-acting', 'self-destruct', 'self-indulgence', 'self-hurt', etc.)

What word is used for 'guide' (='guidebook')?

'Guide' refers to a guide book.

In English, the noun 'guide' conventionally takes the preposition 'to' in order to indicate what the guide deals with. The use of prepositions is a strong feature of English and is not necessarily shared by other languages, especially non-European languages.

The word for 'guide' or 'introduction' forms compound expressions in the CJV languages (自衛指南 / 自卫指南, Hướng Dẫn Tự Vệ 'self-defence guide', 護身術入門 'self-defence introduction'), which have all been influenced by the Chinese tendency to create strings of nouns. In Mongolian, 'guide book' is modified by the preceding clause, that is, 'which protects (the body) against dark forces'.

Category: Dark Arts

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