Encyclopaedia of Toadstools

Simplified Chinese (Mandarin: China)
Dújūn dàquán
毒菌 dújùn = 'poison fungi'.
大全 dàquán = 'large complete' = 'compendium'.
The Complete Poisonous Fungi
Traditional Chinese (Mandarin: Taiwan)
Dúxùn bǎikē quánshū
毒蕈 dúxùn = 'poisonous fungi'.
百科 bǎikē = '100 subjects' = 'encyclopaedia'.
全書 quánshū = 'complete book' = 'compendium'.
Complete Encyclopaedia of Poisonous Fungi
Doku kinoko hyakka
doku = 'poison'.
きのこ kinoko = 'mushrooms'.
百科 hyakka = '100 subjects' = 'encyclopaedia'.
Encyclopaedia of Poisonous Mushrooms
Vietnamese (Chinese characters show etymology)
Bách khoa toàn thư về các loại nấm độc bách khoa (百科) = '100 subjects' = 'encyclopaedia'.
toàn thư (全書) = 'complete book' = 'compendium'.
về = 'concerning'.
các loại (各類) = 'each kind'.
nấm = 'mushroom'.
độc () = 'poison'.
Complete Encyclopaedia concerning Various Kinds of Poisonous Mushroom
Mongolian (previous)
Хортой хар мөөгний нэвтэрхий толь бичиг
Khortoi khar möögnii nevterkhii tol' bichig
хортой khor-toi = 'having poison'. (хор khor = 'poison'.)
хар khar = 'black'.
мөөг möög = 'mushroom' (genitive case).
нэвтэрхий nevterkhii = 'perfect, complete'.
толь бичиг tol' bichig = 'dictionary, encyclopaedia'.
Complete Encyclopaedia of Poisonous Black Mushrooms
Mongolian (new)
Мөөгний нэвтэрхий толь
Möögnii nevterkhii tol'
мөөг möög = 'mushroom' (genitive case).
нэвтэрхий толь nevterkhii tol' = 'encyclopaedia'. .
Encyclopaedia of Mushrooms


A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus (Wikipedia). There is no objective botanical distinction between what are called mushrooms and toadstools in English, although from the human point of view, there is one vital difference: mushrooms are edible while toadstools are inedible or poisonous. In the magical world, it is a given that an encyclopaedia of fungi will be about poisonous toadstools rather than innocuous mushrooms.

In English-speaking locales, mushrooms tend to be white-coloured fungi while toadstools are colourful and dangerous. The very name 'toadstool' (stool for a toad) suggests something repulsive and unattractive. Globally, however, people eat a wide variety of edible fungi of various shapes and colours. China, in particular, is notable for the variety of fungi that are consumed, although Japanese cuisine also uses a variety of mushrooms (photo here).


CJV languages have a shared tradition of naming encyclopaedias and compendia, which is derived from Chinese.

Category: Magical Plants

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