Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
Chapter 9: The Midnight Duel
Where a Vietnamese word has been borrowed from Chinese, the original Chinese characters are shown in parentheses.
决斗 juédòu = 'decisive struggle' = 'duel'.
Wǔyè de juédòu
wǔyè = 'midnight'.
的 de = connecting particle
決鬥 juédòu = 'decisive struggle' = 'duel'.
Mayonaka no kettō
ma-yonaka = 'midnight'.
の no = connecting particle
決闘 kettō = 'decisive struggle' = 'duel'.
|Vietnamese||Cuộc giao đấu nửa đêm||cuộc
= counter for a match or incident.
giao (交) = 'mutual'.
đấu (鬥) = 'fight'.
nửa đêm = 'midnight'.
The duel that Malfoy challenged Harry to but never eventuated.
Duel: The Chinese and Japanese translations use the same word for 'duel', although the second character is different in each (决斗, 決鬥, 決闘). This is one of those confusing cases where Mainland China, Taiwan, and Japan have adopted different variants on the same character. Vietnamese đấu has the same root as the 鬥 / 斗 dòu in Chinese and the 闘 -tō in Japanese.
Midnight: The 'Hour of the Horse (午 wǔ)' in pre-modern China was midday. In modern Chinese, it's also used for midnight in the word 午夜 wǔyè (wǔ = 'sign of the horse' + yè = 'night'). This is the same as the sign of the horse in the Oriental zodiac.
In Japanese, 夜中 yonaka (yo 'night' + naka 'middle') means 'middle of the night'. 真夜中 ma-yonaka means 'right in the middle of the night' or 'the very middle of the night'. The name of this chapter in Japanese is reminiscent of the classic movie High Noon, which is known as 真昼の決闘 Ma-hiru no kettō ('Noon Showdown').
In Vietnamese, nửa means 'half' and đêm means 'night'.