The High Inquisitor's Order Banning Teachers from Giving Out Extraneous Information (Book 5)
The second order of the High Inquisitor of Hogwarts appears at Book 5 Chapter 25 (The Beetle at Bay). It is much simpler than the first, which was a long, legalistic order banning student organisations.
The second order appeared after the mass breakout from Azkaban and banned teachers from giving students information not related to their classes. Umbridge's habit of issuing orders on the smallest pretext is a parody, although a frightening one, of bureaucratic megalomania.
Ban on Teachers giving Extraneous Information
BY ORDER OF THE HIGH INQUISITOR OF HOGWARTS
Teachers are hereby banned from giving students any information that is not strictly related to the subjects they are paid to teach.
The above is in accordance with the Educational Decree Number Twenty-six.
Signed: Dolores Jane Umbridge, High Inquisitor
The order itself is only one sentence. The words stating the ban are in passive voice: 'Teachers are hereby banned from...', a bureacratic way of saying 'Teachers must not...'
The sentence contains two relative clauses:
(1) any information that is not strictly related to the subjects...
(2) the subjects they are paid to teach
The first is a restrictive or integrated relative clause -- indeed, 'any' requires a restrictive relative clause. The clause serves to delimit the information that teachers are banned from being given out, but does so in a negative way: information that is not related to their subjects.
The second is also a restrictive or integrated relative clause, limiting the subjects about which information about with information may be given (those which the teachers are paid to teach). The insertion of 'are paid to' here is a rather heavy-handed way of pointing out that teachers are under the control of Hogwarts, which pays them to do certain things and, more subtly, points out that they are economically dependent on Hogwarts for their livelihood, thus hinting that they could lose their jobs if they don't knuckle under. While heavy-handed in English, this expression is not necessarily obtrusive. 'That is what I am paid to do' is a common enough expression and does not draw undue attention to itself.
Simplified Chinese (China)
Huògéwōcì Gāojí Diàochá-guān Lìng
Zī jìnzhǐ jiàoshī xiàng xuésheng tígòng rènhé yǔ qí rènjiào kēmù wúguān de xìnxi.
Yǐshàng tiáolì fùhé "Dì èr-shí-liù jiàoyù lìng".
The Chinese translation uses an economical Chinese expression to translate '(that) they are paid to teach: 其任教科目qí rènjiào kēmù meaning 'subjects that they are in charge of teaching'. 任 rèn means 'to assume, undertake, hold, take up (a position)'. 教 jiào means 'to teach'. The expression covers the meaning of 'the subjects they teach' and implies their duty and responsibility to do so correctly. It also sounds suitably bureaucratic. However, it doesn't convey the blatant tone of 'they are paid to teach'.
Traditional Chinese (Taiwan)
Huògéhuázī Zǒng Jiānchá Lìngyù
Jīnhòu jiàoshī-men bù dé tígòng xuésheng yǔ kèyè wúguān de xinx
Shàngshù guīdìng xì yīzhào Dì èr-shí-liù tiáo bāndìng.
The Taiwanese translator does not make even an oblique reference to 'subjects they are paid to teach'. Instead, it uses the word 課業 kèyè, meaning 'lessons, classwork, schoolwork'.
The use of 提供學生 tígòng xuésheng to mean 'provide to students' is grammatically marginal in standard Mandarin. The correct construction should use 給 gěi or, more formally, 向 xiàng, as in the Mainland translation.
Hoguwātsu Kōtō Jinmon-kan Rei
Kyōshi wa, jibun ga kyūyo no shi-harai o ukete oshiete iru kamoku ni genmitsu ni kankei suru koto igai wa, seito ni taishi, issai no jōhō o ataeru koto o, koko ni kinzu.
Ijō wa kyōiku-rei dai ni-jū-yon gō ni nottotta mono de aru.
Kōtō Jinmon-kan Dorōresu Jēn Anburijji
Somewhat surprisingly, the Japanese translator does translate the entire clause '(that) they are paid to teach'. It is both longer and more obtrusive than the English:
自分が給与の支払いを受けて教えている科目 Jibun ga kyūyo no shi-harai o ukete oshiete iru kamoku 'subjects oneself is receiving payment of salary (for) and teaching'.
'Giving students any information that is not strictly related to the subjects...' is expressed slightly differently from the English:
科目に厳密に関係すること以外は kamoku ni genmitsu ni kankei suru koto igai wa 'apart from matters strictly related to the subjects...'
生徒に対し、いっさいの情報を与えることを禁ず seito ni taishi, issai no jōhō o ataeru koto o kinzu 'ban the giving of any information to students'
THEO LỆNH CỦA
Kể từ lúc này các giáo viên bị cấm chỉ không được cung cấp cho học sinh bất kỳ thông tin nào không liên quan đến các môn học mà họ được trả lương để dạy.
Thông báo trên được coi như
As in the first order, the Vietnamese translator hews quite close to the English.
'Teachers are banned' uses the passive, as in English (các giáo viên bị cấm chỉ), followed, however, by an expression meaning 'may not give students...' (không được cung cấp cho học sinh).
'Subjects they are paid to teach' becomes các môn học mà họ được trả lương để dạy 'subjects that they receive salary to teach'.
The translation of the sentence 'The above is in accordance with the Educational Decree Number Twenty...' differs each time a decree appears.